Accueil/ expose
Teaching and human cumulative culture
jeudi 17 décembre 2015

Loading the player ...

Conférence donnée par Christine Caldwell dans le cadre du colloque international organisé par le Groupe Compas, avec le soutien du Collège d’études mondiales/FMSH, de l’École normale supérieure, de l’Université Paris-Sorbonne (équipe Sciences, normes, décision) et du GDRI « Éducation et neurosciences » du CNRS.

Exposé lors de la table-ronde intitulée "The development of teacher-learner interaction"

In human populations, skills and knowledge accumulate over generations, giving rise to behaviours and technologies far more complex than any single individual could achieve alone. This ratchet-like property of human culture appears absent in nonhuman species, as socially transmitted behaviours in animal populations are generally no more complex than those that can be acquired by trial and error. The human propensity for teaching appears to be similarly unique, and so it is unsurprising that there has been considerable speculation over the possibility that the presence of one capacity might have created conditions favouring the other. In order to investigate whether particular transmission mechanisms, such as teaching, are necessary in order to generate cumulative culture, we have carried out experimental studies of cultural evolution under laboratory conditions, using small groups of human participants (termed “microsocieties”). Using these methods we have found that cumulative culture can be elicited under a wide range of different learning conditions. In this presentation I will discuss the implications of these findings for our understanding of the evolutionary relationship between cumulative culture and teaching.

Voir aussi

  • Aucun exposé du même auteur.
  • Comment interpréter les effets maîtres ...
    Marc Gurgand
  • L'effet-maître : ampleurs, enjeux , réce...
    Pascal Bressoux
  • Cognitive Underpinnings of Teaching
    Sidney Strauss
  • Teaching among Hunter-Gatherers
    Barry Hewlett
  • Changer les politiques de personnel en é...
    Francesco Avvisati
  • Argumentation and the benefits of teache...
    Hugo Mercier
  • The pragmatic Sense : Natural Pedagogy a...
    György Gergely
  • Teacher's Orientations to learning and i...
    Darleen Opfer
  • The OECD Teacher Knowledge Survey : Asse...
    Sonia Guerriero
  • Teaching : building blocks and social mo...
    Elena Pasquinelli
  • Trusts and matters
    Gloria Origgi
  • Fundamental models of curiosity-driven l...
    Pierre Yves Oudeyer
  • Teaching in the Global World
    Pierre Léna
  • Eppur si muove. Education as a living th...
    Daniel Andler
  • Teacher's Orientations to learning and i...
    Andrea Goldin
Christine Anna Caldwell
University of Stirling
Professeure de neuroscience

Plus sur cet auteur
Voir la fiche de l'auteur

Cliquer ICI pour fermer
Téléchargements :
   - Télécharger l'audio (mp3)

Dernière mise à jour : 26/02/2016